Regarded as the most common hormonal condition affecting women polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a syndrome in which the ovaries become enlarged, and develoop fluid-filled sacs, or cysts usually 12 or more. These cysts, within the ovary, resemble a string of pearls, or a pearl necklace.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common cause of irregular periods, is a leading cause of infertility, and is the most common reproductive syndrome in women of childbearing age. Believed to be genetic in origin, and often runs in families. The most effective way to manage this condition is to maintain a normal body mass index (BMI) between 20 25.